Jennifer was a co-author on two papers cited in this document, as disclosed in the text. Simon Crouch is a co-author on three papers cited in the article. When asked for sources to support his statements, a spokesperson for Kevin Andrews told The Conversation:.
LGBT parenting refers to lesbiangaybisexualand transgender LGBT people raising one or more children as parents or foster care parents. This includes: children raised by same-sex couples same-sex parentingchildren raised by single LGBT parents, and children raised by an opposite-sex couple where at least one partner is LGBT. LGBT people can become parents through various means including current or former relationships, coparentingadoptiondonor inseminationreciprocal IVFand surrogacy.
The National Longitudinal Lesbian Family Study NLLFS has been following a contingent of lesbian families since they first started to plan to have kids in the late s and early s. In short, the longest running study of same-sex parenting found that kids raised by same-sex couples turn out pretty much the same as everybody else. The NLLFS has a number of limitations, including that there were no same-sex male couples, that it was not a random sample, and that the families were not racially or economically diverse.
Studies estimate that between 1 and 9 million children in the United States have at least one parent who is lesbian or gay. There are approximatelysame-sex partner households, according to the Census, and there are children living in approximately 27 percent of those households. It is difficult to obtain an accurate count of same-sex parent families because many lesbians and gay men are not open about their sexual orientation due to fears of discrimination, such as loss of employment, loss of child custody, and antigay violence.
C hildren have been frequently brought into the debate around legalisation of same-sex marriage. Some individuals have asserted that same-sex couples should not marry or have children, because they believe a child has a fundamental right to both a mother and father. Others suggest that same-sex parenting leads to children who have poor outcomes, or who are abused.
Are the outcomes for children of gay, lesbian, or bisexual parents in general the same as those for heterosexual parents? That controversial question is discussed here in a detailed review of the social science literature in three parts: 1 stability of same-sex parental relationships, 2 child outcomes, and 3 child outcomes in same-sex adoption. Relationship instability appears to be higher among gay and lesbian parent couples and may be a key mediating factor influencing outcomes for children.
Overview: We identified 79 scholarly studies that met our criteria for adding to knowledge about the well-being of children with gay or lesbian parents. Of those studies, 75 concluded that children of gay or lesbian parents fare no worse than other children. While many of the sample sizes were small, and some studies lacked a control group, researchers regard such studies as providing the best available knowledge about child adjustment, and do not view large, representative samples as essential.
Click here for state-level reports, including the impact of laws prohibiting LGBT people from adoption and foster care. The children of lesbian parents are more likely to report same-sex attraction, sexual minority identity and same-sex experiences. Shoshana K.
Verified by Psychology Today. Adopting Reason. Is there a negative impact of growing up in a home with gay parents?
In making such far-reaching, generation-changing assertions, any responsible advocate would rely upon supporting evidence that is comprehensive and conclusive. Not only is this not the situation, but also there is sound evidence that children exposed to the homosexual lifestyle may be at increased risk for emotional, mental, and even physical harm. Over thirty years of research confirms that children fare best when reared by their two biological parents in a loving low conflict marriage. Children navigate developmental stages more easily, are more solid in their gender identity, perform better academically, have fewer emotional disorders, and become better functioning adults when reared within their natural family.